Research & publications from Canada
Cunningham, A., & Baker, L. (2003). Waiting for mommy: Giving a voice to the hidden victims of imprisonment. London, Canada: Centre for Children and Families in the Justice System.
Bennett, M. (2015). A pilot study examining the connection between child welfare and incarcerated Aboriginal parents and their children through narrative inquiry. Winnipeg, MB: Ka Ni Kanichihk Inc. Retrieved from http://www.kanikanichihk.ca/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/Incarcerated-Aborginal-Parents-and-Their-Children.pdf
Brennan, S. (2014). Canada’s mother-child program: Examining its emergence, usage, and current state. Canadian Graduate Journal of Sociology and Criminology, 3(1), 11 -20. https://doi.org/10.15353/cgjsc-rcessc.v3i1.84
Davison, K. M., D'Andreamatteo, C., Markham, S., Holloway, C., Marshall, G., & Smye, V. L. (2019). Food security in the context of paternal incarceration: Family impact perspectives. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(5), 776. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16050776
Department of Justice Canada. (2019). Indigenous overrepresentation in the criminal justice system. Ottawa, ON: Queen’s Printer for Ontario. https://www.justice.gc.ca/eng/rp-pr/jr/jf-pf/2019/docs/may01.pdf
Knudsen, E. M. (2016). The experiences of Canadian children of prisoners. PhD thesis, The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). https://doi.org/10.21953/lse.571rho6zcil2
Maynard, R. (2017). Policing Black lives: State violence in Canada from slavery to the present. Winnipeg: Fernwood.
McCormick, A. V., Millar, H. A., & Paddock, G. B. (2014). In the best interests of the child: Strategies for recognizing and supporting Canada’s at-risk population of children with incarcerated parents. Abbotsford, BC: University of Fraser Valley Centre for Safe Schools and Communities. Retrieved from
Miller, K. (2017). Canada’s mother-child program and incarcerated aboriginal mothers: How and why the program is inaccessible to aboriginal female offenders. Canadian Family Law Quarterly, 37(1), 1-23.
Milner, H. R. (2007). Race, culture, and researcher positionality: Working through dangers seen, unseen, and unforeseen. Educational Researcher, 36(7), 388–400. https://doi.org/10.3102/0013189X07309471
Paynter, M. J. (2018). Policy and legal protection for breastfeeding and incarcerated women in Canada. Journal of Human Lactation, 34(2), 276–281. https://doi.org/10.1177/0890334418758659
Paynter, M. J., & Snelgrove-Clarke, E. (2019). “Breastfeeding in public” for incarcerated women: The baby-friendly steps. International Breastfeeding Journal, 14. http://doi.org/10.1186/s13006-019-0211-3
Reid, J. (2017). Jail time: Effects of attachment, gender, and contact on the associations between parental incarceration, offspring symptoms, and delinquency. (Unpublished Master’s Thesis). Trent University, Peterborough, Canada.
Reid, J. (2018). The forgotten victims: Impact of parental incarceration on the psychological health of the innocent children left behind. In A. Arya & T. Piggott (Eds.), Under-served: Health determinants of Indigenous, Inner-City, and Migrant Populations in Canada (pp. 141-152). Toronto, ON: Canadian Scholars.
Statistics Canada. (2018). Adult and youth correctional statistics in Canada, 2016/2017. Ottawa, ON: Queen’s Printer for Ontario. Retrieved from https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/en/pub/85-002-x/2018001/article/54972-eng.pdf?st=FkCXVPQ0
Vowel, C. (2016). Indigenous writes a guide to First Nations, Métis, and Inuit issues in Canada. Winnipeg, MB: HighWater Press.
Withers, L., & Folsom, J. (2007). Incarcerated fathers: A descriptive analysis. Research Report R-186. Ottawa, Ontario: Correctional Service of Canada. Retrieved from https://www.csc-scc.gc.ca/research/r186-eng.shtml